Neurology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It has two major divisions: Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord.

Neurologists manage and treat neurological conditions, or problems with the nervous system. Symptoms that commonly require a neurologist include:

Coordination problems

Muscle weakness

A change in sensation




People who are having problems with their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, may also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by nervous system disorders.

Neurologists also see patients with:

seizure disorders, such as epilepsy


multiple sclerosis

neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis

infections of the nervous system, infections of the nervous system, including encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses

neurodegenerative disorders, such as Lou Gehrig's disease and Alzheimer's disease

spinal cord disorders, including inflammatory and autoimmune disorders

headaches, such as cluster headaches, and migraine

Because the nervous system is complex, a neurologist may specialize in a specific area. They'll do a fellowship in that area after residency training. Subspecialties have evolved to narrow a doctor's focus.

There are many subspecialties. Some examples include:

Headache medicine

Neuromuscular medicine

Neurocritical care


geriatric neurology

Autonomic disorders

Vascular (stroke care)

Child neurology

Intervention neuroradiology



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